A report published last week in Suomen Lääkärilehti (Finnish Medical Journal) investigated recording of preoperative smoking status in the Porvoo hospital area during the early implementation phase of the smoke-free surgery treatment model.
The study demonstrated that recording of smoking status prior to elective surgery was not systematic: among 149 patients, smoking status was recorded at primary health care referrals in 32% of cases, and in hospital outpatient records for only 17% of the patients. For recording of smoking cessation intervention, the percentages were 15% and 22%, respectively.
According to treatment guidelines, smoking cessation 4–8 weeks prior to elective surgery improves operative outcomes and reduces all operation-related complications by 30–40%.
Successful pre-operative smoking cessation relies on early identification of smokers and documentation of smoking status to facilitate effective smoking cessation intervention at each step of the treatment pathway.
“The conclusion of this real-life data is that there is a need for additional support to establish consistent implementation of the smoke-free surgery treatment model.”
MedEngine designed and performed the study in collaboration with clinical experts from Helsinki University Hospital. The study was funded by Pfizer Oy.
Ventola H, Grönholm A, Jokelainen J, Ylisaukko-oja T, Bots S, Halonen K. Tieto leikkauspotilaan tupakoinnista on tärkeää kirjata systemaattisesti. Suom Lääkäril 2018;73:2435–2436.